Prefabrication is the attempt of modern architecture technology to increase building productivity. The term includes a set of processes and materials, and many variations of the idea and its realization. It consists in a large number of parts previously fabricated in factories that exhibit common principles of design or manufacture. The main purpose is to reduce the cost of the building, as well as simplifying and accelerating the construction process. The concept appeared in the 20th century with the modern movement with architects as Walter Gropius or Buckminster Fuller, developing different prototypes of the prefabricated house.
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